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Essential Alabama Case Law for All Cops

While the federal constitution establishes the minimum protection afforded all citizens against government intrusions upon liberty and privacy interests, states are free to provide greater protections to their citizens, whether by statute or the state constitution. Many states do, in fact, provide such enhanced protections.

Part of any constitutional policing program is knowing and understanding how both the federal constitution and state law apply to police procedures. Constitutional and statutory violations can cause loss of public trust, criminal evidence suppression, massive civil liability, administrative sanctions, and even criminal prosecution of law enforcement officers. This program demonstrates how knowledge of the law can be a powerful tool for achieving investigative goals and it can empower officers to attain higher ethical standards, consistent with their oaths of office, without sacrificing overall law enforcement effectiveness.

This program is designed for law enforcement officers of all levels of experience and rank, from the recent academy graduate to the executive staff. It examines certain aspects of what some lawyers would call “pre-arraignment criminal procedure,” the law of criminal investigation and, in particular, what law enforcement officers can and cannot do under state and federal law. Where there is state law deviation from the federal standard, such deviation will be highlighted and emphasized so that officers understand where there are additional restrictions on their authority beyond the federal constitution.

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  • Learn the necessary skills to minimize the number of uses of force and flight during suspect contact: The Roles of Perception Fieldcraft and Impression Management
  • Understanding Critical Elements of Reaction-Based Policing: Verbal/Nonverbal Distancing Behaviors
  • The Significance of Understanding the Human Limbic System in police work; The Freeze, Flight, Fight Response
  • Analysis and Discussion of In-Car and Body-Worn Video footage to create mental repetitions for the attendee as they become versed in proactive policing techniques
  • Target selection and development while conducting roving patrol
  • Learn to build and develop reasonable articulable suspicion in extreme detail for reports as well as be able to explain it during court testimony
  • Become multi-dimensional in the types of crime you interrupt each shift
  • This class was designed for the patrol level officer looking to make an impact in the community they serve, decreasing victimization and crime statistics in their jurisdiction.

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COURSE OUTLINE​

All Students receive

Certificate of Completion

Zach Miller

Zach Miller is a police legal instructor, specializing in the constitutional law of policing. He provides training seminars to law enforcement officers, from recruits at the basic police academy to executive staff and all ranks in between. He is also regularly asked to provide his training to prosecutor groups. Zach is well-versed in all of the substantive and procedural aspects of constitutional law as it pertains to policing and is highly-sought after for his training and advice on these matters, providing his expertise to officers and agencies in over 40 states.

Zach served as a police officer for a medium-sized county police department in Virginia for 19 years, retiring in 2023. Beginning in 2013 and until his retirement, he was the department’s training manager. In that role, he was responsible for overseeing all aspects of the department’s training function, which included recruit, annual in-service, specialized unit, leadership, and instructor development programs. He was also a member of the department’s policy review committee where he personally drafted many of the department’s high liability policies.

For over 15 years, Zach has worked closely with nationally-recognized career police attorney Randy Means on dozens of projects, most of which directly involved constitutional policing principles. Together, they developed and presented training programs, provided advice and other consultation services to agencies involved in litigation over potentially unconstitutional practices, developed agency-specific policies and procedures for high-liability operations, co-authored numerous articles on constitutional policing and collaborated on their 2023 book, Constitutional Policing in the Era of Accountability.

Testimonials

Patrick Howle
Patrick Howle
2024-04-17
It’s fascinating to learn about the diverse ways different police departments operate across various states. Each one has its unique procedures, challenges, and approaches to maintaining safety and order.
oscar perez
oscar perez
2024-04-17
Great training that was very beneficial and clearly explained. Highly recommended for all levels of law enforcement.
Billie Kregel
Billie Kregel
2024-04-17
Informative and useful information! Instructor is easy to listen to and an expert in the field. Will definitely listen again!
Joshua Cail
Joshua Cail
2024-04-17
Very good training, especially for those who are learning how to do DUI investigations
Cesar Maruri
Cesar Maruri
2024-04-17
EXCELLENT TRAINING - AND IT’S FREE
Christian Mares
Christian Mares
2024-04-17
Phenomenal instructor. Have learned lot from Anthony.
Chase Metcalf
Chase Metcalf
2024-04-17
Good review! Want longer training though
Rasheida Snipe
Rasheida Snipe
2024-04-17
Great content. Broken down for all levels of law enforcement

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