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Advanced Search & Seizure

Unlock the Full Potential of Your Officers with Blue to Gold’s Flagship Course on Search and Seizure Case Law!

Are you ready to take your officers’ knowledge and performance to new heights? Look no further than our Advanced Search and Seizure training course. This comprehensive program is specifically designed for law enforcement professionals who aspire to be proactive and legally defensible in their actions. Through our fast-paced instruction, we use real-world case law to explain the intricacies of searches and seizures in federal and state-specific jurisdictions.

By completing this course, your officers will gain a deeper understanding of when the Fourth Amendment applies, the critical importance of consent, exceptions, and warrants in every search or seizure, and how to effectively reduce or eliminate lawsuits. When you invest in Blue to Gold, you’re investing in the success of your officers and your department, watching as they make good case law and become leaders in the field.

Empowering Law Enforcement Officers to Make Legally Defensible Decisions

As a law enforcement officer, having a comprehensive grasp of the Fourth Amendment and its application to search and seizure situations is paramount. Our Advanced Search and Seizure training is designed to equip officers with the knowledge and skills they need to independently analyze and solve Fourth Amendment problems, leading to a reduction in lawsuits and the ability to establish good case law. By the end of this course, students will have a solid understanding of when the Fourth Amendment applies, the requirement of consent, recognized exceptions, and the necessity of a warrant for every search or seizure.

The course is divided into several modules, beginning with a thorough understanding of the Fourth Amendment and its key principles. We then delve into the requirement of state action and what constitutes a Fourth Amendment search and seizure. Finally, we cover the legal issues surrounding the most commonly used searches and seizures by police officers, including citizen-consensual encounters, apparent authority to consent to search, investigative detentions, and more.

Our training approach is high-energy and interactive, ensuring that students remain engaged and motivated throughout the course. Upon completion, all students will receive a completion certificate and the Search & Seizure Survival Guide, serving as a valuable reference for future use.

Don’t miss this opportunity to empower yourself and your colleagues with the skills and knowledge needed to make legally defensible decisions in search and seizure situations. Sign up for our Advanced Search and Seizure training today and unlock the full potential of your officers.



Course Introduction

1)  Instructor introduction.

2)  Explain the course objective.

  • Recognize how the Fourth Amendment applies to each situation.
  • Demonstrate the understanding that every search and seizure requires
  • consent, a recognized exception, or a warrant.
  • Demonstrating an understanding of the Fourth Amendment, thus reducing lawsuits.
  • Translate the Fourth Amendment to make good case law.

3)  Encourage attendees to ask questions and share feedback with other attendees.

4)  Explain that certificates will be emailed after the class and each student will be registered in the Blue to Gold University.

5)  Go over the three disclaimers:

  • a)  Laws and agency standard operating procedures may be more restrictive. Blue to Gold teaching the federal standard unless otherwise stated. Therefore, students must know their state and local requirements in addition to the federal standard.
  • b)  If students have any doubts about their actions, ask a supervisor or legal advisor.
  • c)  The course is not legal advice, but legal education. Therefore, nothing we teach should be interpreted as legal advice. Check with your agency’s legal advisor for legal advice.

Course Introduction

1. Search and Seizure Golden Rules

  1. The more you articulate why you did something, the more likely it will be upheld in court.
  2. The more serious the crime, the more reasonable your actions are likely to be viewed.
  3. Conduct all warrantless searches and seizures I the same manner as if you had judicial pre-approval.

Legal Fundamentals Agenda

  • Who did the search or seizure?
  • Was it a protected area?
  • Did a search or seizure occur?
  • Did you have C.R.E.W?

Module One – Who Conducted the Search or Seizure

  1. Identify the two factors necessary for a private search to not fall under the Fourth Amendment’s reasonableness requirements.
  2. Searching digital devices.

Module Two – Was it a Protected Area

  1. Identify the four areas or things protected by the Fourth Amendment: people, houses, papers, effects.a. These four protected areas include much more than their common definitions. For example, “papers” protected digital equivalents.
  2. Curtilage
  • The Four Factors of curtilage.
  • Defining curtilage using color codes (red, yellow and green)
  • Conduct that may be carried out on areas within curtilage identified as
  • accessible areas for “uninvited guests.”
  • Conduct that may be carried out on open fields.
  • Abandoned property. Discuss intentional abandonments, inadvertent
  • abandonment, and lost property.
  • Identify when garbage is abandoned.

Module Three – Did a Search or Seizure Occur?

1. The constitutional definition of searches and seizures.

a.Identity the two types of searches under the Fourth Amendment.

    • Trespass with intent to gather information.
    • Reasonable expectation of privacy.

b. The two requirements for a trespass to occur.

c. The two requirements for a reasonable expectation of privacy search to occur.

    • Discuss the broadening definition of reasonable expectation of privacy after the Carpenter decision, known as Mosaic Theory.

2. Seizure of a Person

a. There are two methods to seize a person under the Fourth

Amendment: show of authority or a physical seizure.

Seizure of Property

a. A person’s possessions are seized under the Fourth Amendment when the government interferes with the possessory interest of the item

Module Four – Did you have Consent, Recognized Exception, or Warrant (CREW)

1. Courts will begin with the presumption that a warrantless search of seizure was unreasonable. Therefore, it is the officer’s job to articulate why he or she did something.

2. Warrantless searches or seizures require either consent, or recognized exception or a warrant.

3. Identify some well-known exceptions to the warrant requirement.

Module Five – Consensual Encounters

How to begin a consensual encounter, i.e. with a question.

a. Tone of voice.

b. Use of language.

c. Under what circumstances is the request being made?

What constitutes a detention.

Can you ask and/or retain ID.

Module Six- Third Party Consent

  1. Review the legal rule of third-party consent.
  2. Explain the “Piggyback Rule” and how to apply that in the field.
  3. What to do if you mistakenly thought an individual had authority and began a search?a. Define “reasonable” believed and “apparent” authority.
  4. Spousal authority.
  5. Authority over a minor.
  6. Traffic stops consent.
    1. Searching car when driver gives authority and passenger remainssilent.
    2. Searching car when the owner is not present but is being driven by athird-party.
    3. Searching car occupants’ personal items.

Module Seven – Investigative Detentions

1. The duration of a stop is like a melting ice cube.

a. Once the reason for the stop is over the person must be released or converted to a consensual encounter.

2. Reasonable suspicion versus “hunches.”

Module Eight – Protective Sweeps

  1. The three types of protective sweeps you may conduct during an in-home arrest,a. Immediate Control
    b. Adjacent Areas
    c. Throughout the home
  2. Hot Pursuit
    a. Re-entry – necessary and continuous

Module Nine – Plain View & Plain Seizure

1. Right to be, right to see.

2. Manipulating evidence.

3. Lawful access.

Module Ten – Crime Scenes

1. Obtaining a search warrant AFTER the emergency.

a. Obtaining consent from authorized party in lieu of warrant.

All Students receive:

Certificate of Completion

Search & Seizure Survival Guide​

Meet your Instructor

Anthony Bandiero is the Senior Legal Instructor for Blue to Gold Law Enforcement Training. He is also a Nationally Certified Instructor, and many consider him to be one of the best legal instructors in the nation. He has studied constitutional law for over twenty years and has taught search and seizure to over 30,000 officers around the country.

Before teaching search and seizure full-time, Anthony was a sergeant with the Nevada Highway Patrol in Las Vegas, Nevada. His assignments included traffic enforcement, emergency driving instructor, and training supervisor. Anthony also has experience as a municipal officer with the Elko Police Department.

Anthony’s education includes a bachelor’s and a master’s degree from Harvard University. He graduated from Gonzaga School of Law in Spokane, Washington, and is a practicing member of the Washington and New Jersey State Bar.


Aaron Garrett
Aaron Garrett
Fantastic and interactive training experience. I attend many of the live webinars often.
Christopher Pfannkuche
Christopher Pfannkuche
Great presentation on consent searches. Very informative. Love the examples!
sean thompson
sean thompson
What an absolute outstanding training group!!! They make search and seizure law so simple to understand, it allows you to get it right every time!!!! Wonderful - Wonderful folks at Blue to Gold!!!!
Timothy Bedker
Timothy Bedker
Great Class. No wasted time, great refresher.
Simeon Barker
Simeon Barker
Highly relevant training and engaging presentation of information.
Bradley Canterbury
Bradley Canterbury
Jake Chupp
Jake Chupp
I have personally attended in person courses and multiple on line classes and every time I learn something new. All the instructors have a passion for their job and a passion to empower and teach law enforcement officers. Their ability to teach, explain, and go in depth on the topics they cover goes far beyond any other classes I have attended. Blue to Gold has so many published books that individuals can order on line to progress their knowledge and ability to implement laws into their day to day application on the job. These courses, on line or in person, are must have for agencies all over country. Blue to Gold training has changed the way I operator in the field for the better. I would highly recommend their training to every officer or agency that I encounter. Blue to Golds footprint in law enforcement application should be rewarded in ways they never thought imaginable. Keep up the great work. They also offer search and seizure books for almost every state in the US if not all by now. Their Bullet Proof Report Writing book should be given out by agencies or police academy’s to every officer. Best training you will ever get.

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